Research, another R, but anyway, study Tom Givens four Rs. Officer Reston’s incident was a Robbery.
Respect, Rape and Road Rage are the usual start of violence.
Realize this and all Related, another R.
Realize that all of the Rs listed by Givens are violence. The question is answered. The factor now is level of violence present and required in Response.
The Perp stole jeans. Reston pursued knowing this. He pursued for jeans.
Perp for whatever reason saw this as worth killing over. His Response. See it is a Grave mistake to assume there will not be a violent Response from a Robber.
His Response was to shoot Reston in the face. And when Reston fell perp pumped in more 45 ACPs into Reston’s chest….
Why did Reston live? And the Robber die? Now this analysis must be made of sub-analysis of numerous aspects of an incident that determine survival.
Tools is one…. Reston had a 40 Smith and Wesson. Perp a 45 ACP.
Where were impacts? What effect? So much more….
Body Armor: Realistic Analysis. Reston took hits to legs. Those could have been lethal. Response. Medical response by officers first…. Requires training and equipment. Reston took hit to face. Possible increased coverage?
So much more….
Reston was using standard protocol attempting to bring Perp to his body and then ground. He was shot in head then. This needs to be analyzed! Reston got “lucky.” He did and he didn’t…. That tactic and what exactly he did must be assessed.
Also Response should have been both officer’s engagement!
Equipment: Billy Club, Baton would probably been useful. I don’t like the bring Perp to your body tactic.
Strike hands and legs or head if required. It is an acceptable escalation many times and may have helped a lot here.
Training with ADDIE
The baton is a very useful self defense tool. Too often it is illegal for civilians to carry. It would stop a lot of trouble.